This tutorial will teach you all you need to understand about the types of air conditioners so you can make the best decision.

Air conditioners are among the most frequently used electrical appliances in homes across the US

Air conditioners are an essential appliance for homes, particularly in hot cities, since they help prevent heat strokes to an enormous degree

What is an Air Conditioner?

The air conditioner is an integral component of every house and makes the most significant of your essential home appliances budget.

The right choice is vital because your home's cooling comfort and energy usage depend on it.

There are various ACs, each with its pros and pros. Some of the best air conditioners in Nigeria come with a reasonable price tag without compromising quality.

How Does an Air Conditioner (AC) Work?

The thermostat typically hung on the wall located in a central area within the house, monitors and regulates the temperatures of air inside.

The cooling process begins when the thermostat determines that the temperature of the air needs to be reduced and transmits signals to the cooling system components, both inside and out of the house, to begin running.

The fan inside the unit pulls hot air inside the house via the return air conduits.

The atmosphere is then filtered, where dust, lint, and other dust particles from the air are removed

The warm, filtered indoor air then flows through the cold evaporator coil.

When the refrigerant liquid in the evaporator coil transforms into gas, the heat of the air inside is absorbed by the refrigerant and cools the air that passes through the coil.

The fan inside the indoor unit can pump the chilled air through the ductwork that runs through the home's walls into the different living spaces.

Refrigerant Gas in Air Conditioner

The refrigerant gas exits the home via an aluminum tube and then flows through the air conditioning unit's compressor outside.

Imagine the compressor as an electric pump. The compressor presses the refrigerant gas and then pumps the refrigerant to the outdoor condenser unit.

A huge fan draws outside air through the condenser unit, permitting the mood to take in heat energy from the house and release it into the outdoors.

Through this process, refrigerant changes back into liquid.

Then, it travels via a tube of copper towards the inside unit, where it goes via an expanding device that regulates the flow of refrigerant to the evaporator coil.

The cold refrigerant absorbs more heat from indoor air, continuing the process.

The Different Types of Air Conditioners

There are six major types of air conditioners available on the market. Each kind of air conditioner is made for a particular space and fulfills a specific function.

The various AC kinds are listed below.

  • Central Air Conditioner
  • Ductless Mini-Split
  • Window Air Conditioner
  • Portable Air Conditioner
  • Hybrid / Dual Fuel Air Conditioner
  • Geothermal Air Conditioner

Central Air Conditioner

If you live in a big home and wish to cool several rooms simultaneously, this types of air conditioner is the best choice for your needs.

Central air conditioning is a split system that regulates the airflow through ducts installed within your home, and it's also referred to in the duct system.

The split aspect means it comprises two primary units. The indoor unit consists of the evaporator coils and the air handler.

As with any air conditioner, central air conditioning uses refrigerants to remove indoor air heat.

This heat is then pulled outside, and cool air is pushed into the air ducts.

Using the latest HVAC technology, thermostats with programmable settings can be combined with central air conditioners to create an intelligent home experience.

The Central Air Conditioner Price in Nigeria is reasonable because of the massive demand in the market.

Ductless Mini-Split

Suppose you're looking for greater efficiency or eliminating lots of ducting, or you would like a part of your house to be cooling.

In that case, going with mini-split air conditioners that are ductless is an excellent option. Ductless systems are an ideal option for modern homes.

The air conditioner is composed of an outdoor model that consists of a compressor and a condenser.

It is usually paired together with other indoor units. The indoor units are erected on the wall and come fitted with blowers for air.

Because these indoor use units are compact and compact, every room will have its department, which could be utilized for cooling or heating reasons.

Air conditioners of this kind are considered more energy efficient than alternatives available.

However, they can be costly should you decide to install the same unit in each of your rooms that covers the entire home.

Ductless mini-splits are equipped with a remote but connected to an intelligent AC controller; you can operate the mini-splits using your smartphone from any location!

Window Air Conditioner

Because window air conditioners are available in various dimensions, they're ideal for cooling one room or small space.

If you choose the most effective window air conditioner, you could even cool a tiny house if it's only one story or one open slot.

Air conditioners for windows, from the beginning, were called champions of cooling smaller areas and are considered as the most popular kind in air conditioning.

Window air conditioners are one unit with all its parts enclosed within, and it lets heat escape from its outer side and send cool air into the room from one side.

As the name implies, it's installed inside the window or through an opening through the wall.

These types of air conditioners come with an air filter that can slide out to be cleaned frequently to maintain AC effectiveness.

The LG AC comes with controls inside the unit and could include an accessory remote.

Portable Air Conditioner

Portable air conditioners are comparable to window-mounted air conditioners, and they are also one unit with all its components within.

However, the distinction is that it's an independent unit and can be moved from room to room, and it requires only an outlet to supply power and access to a window from where the unit's air is taken away by its funnel

It is possible to choose portable air conditioners to provide temporary cooling or in situations where installing windows or a split unit air conditioner is not feasible.

Portable ACs are available in a single hose that draws air inside the room and expels it outside, and Dual-hoses draw air outdoors with one hose.

The cooling air can cool the compressor and is then pumped outdoors using the second hose.

As a portable unit is inside, the evaporator fan continuously runs to evaporate the condensed moisture stored within the department.

Some portal Panasonic air conditioners have an extra layer to handle water effectively.

Geothermal Air Conditioning System

Geothermal cooling and heating are considered relatively recent methods that utilize the properties of the Earth's insulation.

Because temperatures below four to six feet remain constant throughout the year, no matter what the climate conditions, geothermal technology utilizes this to cool and heat your house more efficiently.

Haier thermocool air conditioner works with similar technology among other brands in the market.

The system consists of piping composed of a loop that moves water between your home and a heat pump and the ground.

They need a lot of work to put in place underground.

Hybrid / Dual Fuel Air Conditioner

A hybrid system blends a gas furnace and the electric heat source to provide cost-effective and efficient performance in terms of heating and cooling.

The system can automatically switch between fossil fuels that burn and electricity use in response to the outside temperature.

You can set the system's temperature to switch between the furnace and heat pump or make the switch manually.

In summer, the heat pump operates the same way it functions: draw hot air from your home, and release it outside.

In the winter months, the process reverses, and the heat is distributed across the house.

The furnace is activated if the temperature is too cold for a pump to operate efficiently.


It is a fact that Air Conditioners have become necessary equipment for every house due to obvious reasons.

There are different types of Air Conditioners in the market, and therefore, you need to choose the right product to enjoy for an extended period.